Renewble Energy Sectors

Future Power

Onshore Wind Energy

The cost of new onshore wind has fallen dramatically over the last few years. It is now one of the lowest cost options for new power and is now cheaper than new gas and nuclear power.

Wind turbines harness the energy of moving air to rotate the blades and generate electricity. Onshore wind refers to the turbines found on land, while offshore turbines tend to be located far out at sea.

Future Power

Hydrogen and

Fuel Cells

Hydrogen is a very abundant element, which can be produced in an electrolyser using renewable electricity.


This converts water into hydrogen and oxygen using the electricity, and the hydrogen gas can then be compressed stored in high pressure cylinders.

  • Hydrogen can be used directly in fuel cells, as an alternative fuel in combustion devices such as engines and boilers, or as a chemical feedstock in a number of important industrial processes such as ammonia or methanol manufacture.
  • Fuel Cells use an electrochemical process to convert chemical fuels into electricity. The fuel is combined with oxygen from the ambient air to produce electricity, with heat and water as the waste products.
  • Unlike batteries, Fuel Cells will continue to generate electricity as long as a source of fuel is supplied.
  • Fuel Cells do not combust fuel but use a catalytic oxidation which makes this electricity generation process quiet, pollution-free and more efficient than using internal combustion engine powered generators.
  • Hydrogen and Fuel Cells are now playing a key role in developing low carbon smart energy systems with several projects underway in EU.
Future Power


  • Hydrogen can enable the integration of more intermittent renewables such as wind into the energy system using electrolysis.
  • Hydrogen allows ‘sector coupling’ to make best use of the low carbon energy into heat, transport, and industry.
  • In transport, hydrogen will have an important part in decarbonising ‘hard to treat’ heavy logistics such as trucks, trains, shipping.
  • In manufacturing and industry, hydrogen will allow decarbonisation of high temperature process heat, such as glass, steel, bricks, cement, etc.
  • For industry, hydrogen can be used as a sustainable feedstock for chemicals and clean fuels production.